Treatment Modalities of Cancer in Hyderabad
According to the National Center for Disease Informatics and Research, Hyderabad, Telangana, may see more than 53,000 more cancer cases by 2025. Being said, everyone needs to know the treatment modalities that are available in the oncology hospital in Hyderabad. Read on to know in detail.
Radiation oncology is a subspecialty of radiation oncology that focuses on the treatment of cancer through the use of radiation. Radiation therapy aims to kill cancer cells while preserving normal tissues and organs.
Radiation therapy can be given by external beam (external) or internal (brachytherapy). The most common types of external beams include linear accelerators, gamma rays, x-rays, and proton beams.
In contrast, brachytherapy involves the placement of radioactive material inside tumors, which causes them to break down over time when they accumulate enough radioactive energy from the material itself, or it induces an effect called radiolysis via its high radiation strength.
Hematology Oncology & Immunology
The Center for Cancer Research at the National University Hospital is a research center affiliated with the Department of Oncology at the National University Hospital, Singapore. It was established in 2012 to conduct clinical trials on advanced cancer treatment and diagnosis research.
Cardiac surgery is the main treatment modality for cancer patients with cardiac abnormalities. It aims to remove the tumor, correct any anomalies in the heart, restore normal function, and prevent cancer recurrence in a cancer hospital in Hyderabad. The most common indications for performing cardiac operations are:
- Transverse myocardial infarction (heart attack) – because it is accompanied by severe damage to both sides of the heart;
- Arrhythmia – irregular heartbeat;
- Coronary artery disease (CAD) – narrowing or blockage of arteries that supply blood to your heart muscle;
- Congenital heart defects such as transposition, Tetralogy Of Fallot (TOF), Coarse Vascularity Syndrome, etc., can be repaired surgically.
Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders
The treatment of endocrine, metabolic and nutritional disorders is a common problem in oncology. These problems include:
Breast cancer is the most common cancer kind among women. It strikes about 1 in 8 women and causes more deaths than any other type of cancer. The risk factors for breast cancer include:
- Reproductive history (such as pregnancy or breastfeeding)
- Age at first birth – if you’ve had your first child after age 30, there’s an increased risk that you’ll develop breast cancer later in life. This may be because cells called stem cells are more active when they’re younger, which can lead to changes in the way they grow and function, as well as an increase in their number over time.
Pediatric and Gynecological Oncology
Pediatric cancer differs from adult cancers in several ways. It occurs in younger patients and has a higher incidence rate. Pediatric patients may also risk developing complications such as leukemia or lymphoma once diagnosed with cancer.
The goals of pediatric oncology are similar to those of adult oncology: early detection, proper treatment planning resulting in recovery or cure; quality time spent by parents/spouses during treatment; providing support for parents who have lost their children through a cancer diagnosis or death (e.g., bereavement counseling).
Immunotherapy and Vaccines Are the Emerging Front Line in Cancer Treatment.
Immunotherapy is a broad term for using immune system-targeted drugs to treat cancer. In this type of therapy, the body’s defense mechanisms (i.e., white blood cells) are manipulated so that they target and destroy cancer cells.
Vaccines are also being tested as a potential weapon against cancer; however, these vaccines have not yet been approved for widespread use in humans due to their potential side effects, such as allergic reactions or severe infections following vaccination with live viruses like yellow fever or smallpox viruses.
Doctors from the oncology hospital in Hyderabad are specially trained in radiation medicine. They are trained to address the patient’s functional and psychosocial needs through the use of a holistic approach that integrates conventional adjuvant/maintenance radiation therapy with new technology, such as stereotactic radiosurgery and multimodality treatment planning.